In Maryland, workers who suffer herniated disc injuries in the workplace often seek compensation for L4 L5 s1 workers comp settlement claims.

In fact, herniated disc injury compensation for herniated discs in the lower back is common, so it helps to understand your rights for medical care and compensation.

Spinal Column – Vertebrae Regions and Classifications

L4 L5 s1 workers settlement

To understand an L4 L5 s1 injury, it’s important to review how the spinal system is medically classified and how herniated disc injury workers comp applications are submitted for insurance company purposes.

The spine is made up of the following vertebrae, divided as follows from the neck (cervical area) to the tailbone:

  • Cervical Spine

Located in the upper back and neck area, the cervical spine is composed of vertebrae, numbered C1 through C7.

  • Thoracic Spine

The thoracic spine, in the middle back, consists of vertebrae, numbered T1 through T12 for insurance company references.

  • Lumbar Spine

The lumbar spine or lower back and tailbone are numbered L1 through L5.

Therefore, an L4 L5 s1 workers settlement refers to an area of the lower back – often a source of workers comp settlement filings.

  • The Sacrococcygeal Vertebrae

The sacrococcygeal vertebrae are 9 fused vertebrae in the sacrum and coccyx.

Each of the above areas can be a source for either pre-existing injuries or an average workers compensation settlement for herniated disc injuries or a similar back condition.

Fractured vertebrae may affect some herniated disc workers as well as ongoing strains and sprains.

Some workers may experience partial or total paralysis.

Why Is the L4 L5 s1 Spinal Area Important in Herniated Disc Injury Settlement Cases?

The L4 L5 spinal disc is the second lowest disc area of the lumbar vertebrae.

It accounts for most of the bending at the waist.

Therefore, most back pain patients present with herniated discs after an accident.

In cases where the L5 s1 area is affected, the patient may have problems with bowel or bladder control.

What the insurance company pays in an average workers comp settlement for a herniated disc depends on the site of the injury and its level of severity.

Average Workers Compensation Settlement for Herniated Disc and Intervertebral Disc Claim

Settlement for L4 L5 S1 workers comp

An intervertebral disc is a major part of your spine’s structure, sitting between each vertebra.

These discs act as shock absorbers, allowing for spinal flexibility when performing daily activities like walking, lifting, and bending.

As a result, a settlement for a herniated disc is often referred to in workers comp cases involving permanent or temporary disability benefits for injured workers.

Each disc is composed of two parts: the annulus fibrosus, a strong outer ring, and the nucleus pulposus, a soft, gel-like interior. Together, they cushion the vertebrae and keep your spine flexible.

A herniated disc occurs when the nucleus pushes out through a tear in the annulus. This can happen due to wear and tear over time or a sudden injury.

When a disc herniates near the L4 L5 s1 vertebrae, it can press on spinal nerves, causing pain, numbness, or weakness in the lower back, legs, or feet.

Understanding the role and structure of intervertebral discs is key to grasping the impact of herniated discs on your health and mobility.

This understanding can help you and your worker’s comp attorney determine what medical expenses related to your claim can be used for current and future medical care.

Is My Job Putting Me at Greater Risk of Injuring My Back or an L4 L5 s1 Injury?

Certain jobs increase the risk of back injuries, particularly affecting the L4 L5 s1 region of the lower spine. Here’s a look at high-risk sectors:

  • Construction

Heavy lifting and constant motion can strain the back, especially the lumbar spine.

  • Healthcare

Nurses and caregivers often move or lift patients, which makes them eligible for temporary or permanent disability benefits.

  • Warehouse Work

Picking up and moving heavy items is a daily task, which makes employees in these settings filing numerous back claims for herniated discs and herniated disc workers comp claims.

  • Office Jobs

Long hours of sitting without ergonomic support can lead to lower back spinal cord issues – many of which lead to requesting a workers comp case settlement amount.

  • Transportation

Drivers experience back pain from sitting and handling heavy loads and may ultimately request temporary disability benefits for workers comp claims.

Understanding your job’s physical demands can help you take preventive measures to protect your back

Knowing these demands also will aid you when filing a workers comp claim or requesting a settlement amount for disc herniation and herniated disc injuries.

Treatments for Lumbar Strains and Sprains

Lumbar strains and sprains are common back injuries in the workplace. Treatment typically involves rest, physical therapy, and medication to relieve pain and inflammation.

Early intervention can often prevent further damage and encourage quicker recovery.

Some cases might require more extensive treatment, depending on the injury’s severity.

What are the Common Causes of a Work-Related Injury of the Back or Radiating Pain in the Spinal Canal?

Workers compensation settlement amount

A work-related injury of the back, such as radiating pain in the spinal canal, may stem from various factors.

Whether the cause results from manual labor or office work, it can still lead to ongoing pain for the injured worker.

  • Improper Lifting Techniques

Lifting heavy objects incorrectly can strain the back, requiring ongoing medical care and the filing of an injury claim.

  • Repetitive Motion

Repeated movements can wear down the spinal cord and structures, resulting in injury claims that may require conservative treatment to more advanced medical care.

  • Poor Posture

Sitting or standing improperly for long periods can cause discomfort.

This can lead to a back injury settlement – spinal column or back injury claims that require a payout for future medical expenses for planned future medical treatment and care.

  • Slips and Trips or Falls

Slips or trips and falls at work can lead to serious back injuries and a comprehensive settlement amount for workers comp benefits.

Benefits may include wage loss payouts for permanent disability benefits or herniated disc injuries.

  • Vehicle Accidents

The impact of a car accident can easily damage the spine, especially in transport jobs where a motor vehicle crash is often cited in the settlement amount for injured workers in L4 L5 s1 workers comp settlement cases.

This can lead to a traumatic injury and workers comp settlements that pay benefits or a lump sum payment that averages around $300,000 or more.

Recognizing these risks can guide you toward taking steps to prevent back injuries at work and to learn more about your medical care when asking for damages for complex injuries.

Reporting Your Injury

The first step after sustaining an L4 L5 s1 injury at work is to report it immediately. In Maryland, notifying your employer as soon as possible is important.

This not only documents the incident but also initiates the process of receiving benefits in a more timely manner.

Gather Evidence to Support Your Claim

After reporting your injury, gather all the necessary evidence to support your claim.

This includes medical records, reports from your doctor about your condition, any photos of the incident scene, and witness statements.

Evidence plays a vital role in demonstrating the extent of your injuries and the accident’s impact on your life.

Filing the l4 l5 s1 workers comp settlement

Wait for a Decision

Once your claim is filed, you must wait for a decision from the Workers’ Compensation Commission, which will accept or deny the claim. They will do this within 30 days of the filing.

Unless an employer contests the claim or either party requests a hearing, this is the normal waiting time.

What are the Most Common Herniated Disc Injuries and Their Symptoms?

Herniated disc injuries, especially in the workplace, can be debilitating.

They often occur in the lumbar spine, which supports much of the body’s weight and movement.

  • Bulging or Herniated Disc in the Lumbar Spine

This condition involves the disc protruding beyond its normal boundary. Symptoms can include lower back pain, numbness, or weakness in the legs.

  • Herniation at L4-L5 Level

This specific herniation can cause symptoms such as pain radiating to the lower limbs, weakness in the leg muscles, and sometimes difficulties when moving the feet.

  • Herniation at L5-s1 Level

Injuries at this level might lead to sciatica, characterized by a sharp pain traveling down from the lower back to the legs.

There could also be changes in reflexes and muscle strength.

  • Herniated Disc in the Lower Back (Lumbar Spine)

General lumbar spine herniations often lead to chronic lower back pain and can severely impact mobility. The discomfort might increase with activities like lifting or bending.

  • Herniation at C6-C7 Level

Though less common in workers compensation cases than lumbar spine injuries, herniation at the cervical spine level (C6-C7) can cause arm pain, weakness, and reduced grip strength.

What Types of Medical Treatment Will You Need for Your Herniated Disc?

Initially, medical treatment may involve rest, physical therapy, and pain management with medication. These non-invasive approaches aim to reduce pain and improve mobility.

However, if your condition doesn’t improve with these methods, surgery might be considered.

Disc surgery options vary, ranging from less invasive procedures like microdiscectomy to more extensive surgeries such as spinal fusion.

The need for surgery depends on the severity of your symptoms and their impact on your daily life.


In workers comp settlement cases involving L4 L5 s1 injuries, the doctor may recommend one of the following procedures:

  • Discectomy

This procedure removes part of a herniated disc to relieve pressure on spinal nerves.

  • Laminectomy

This surgery removes the back part of the vertebra to create more space for the spinal nerves.

  • Fusion Surgery

Fusion surgery fuses two or more vertebrae together to stabilize the spine.

  • Artificial Disc Replacement

Disc replacement surgery replaces a damaged spinal disc with an artificial one to maintain mobility.

Calculating the Average Workers Comp Settlement Claim for Herniated Discs

Average Workers Comp Settlement Claim for Herniated Discs in Maryland

When you claim workers comp settlement payouts for a herniated disc claim, the amount can vary. Settlements may range from $18,000 to $40,000 per disc. Often the workers compensation settlements are larger.

What you receive depends on various factors.

These factors have an important influence on workers compensation claims settlement amounts. A worker settlement is a contract between an injured worker and the employer’s insurance firm.

In Maryland, calculating a workers compensation settlement for herniated discs, like those at the L4 L5 s1 level, involves considering former settlement payouts and how the injury has affected the claimant.

The average settlement for a bulging disc injury falls between $75,000 and $200,000.

When reviewing back injuries more broadly, the average settlement in Maryland is $397,253, with a median amount of $300,000.

These figures reflect the significant impact back injuries can have on an individual’s life, including medical expenses, lost wages, and the need for ongoing care.

Workers’ Compensation Benefits for Herniated Disc Injuries

Workers compensation settlements are basically agreements governing the benefits available for a worker injured while at work.

Work injury victims in Maryland can receive several types of compensation including:

  • Medical Benefits

Workers’ compensation covers all necessary medical treatments for your herniated disc.

This includes surgery, physical therapy, and medications.

  • Compensation For Lost Wages

If your injury prevents you from working, you can receive wage replacement benefits.

These wage loss benefits are typically a portion of your average weekly earnings.

  • Death Benefits

In tragic cases where a worker dies from their injuries, their dependents may receive death benefits.

These benefits help support the worker’s family and pay for the worker’s funeral and burial expenses.

What Benefits Can You Expect to Receive?

Expect medical coverage, wage replacement, and possibly permanent partial or total disability benefits for more severe cases.

What Other Workers Comp Benefits Can I Receive?

Besides medical treatment and wage replacement, you might qualify for vocational rehabilitation if you cannot return to your previous job.

Are You Eligible for Permanent Partial Disability Benefits?

If your herniated disc leads to permanent impairment but doesn’t completely disable you, you may be eligible for permanent partial disability benefits.

These benefits are determined based on the extent of your impairment after you reach maximum medical improvement (MMI), or your condition is stabilized.

Understanding the scope of workers compensation benefits for herniated disc cases in Maryland can help guide you in seeking the compensation you deserve.

If you have filed a workers compensation claim, consider consulting with an experienced attorney to ensure your rights are fully protected.

Negotiating a Fair Workers’ Compensation Settlement for a Back Injury

Filing accident report

When dealing with a back injury from work, again, several factors can affect your workers compensation settlement in Maryland.

First, consider the severity of your injury, how it impacts your ability to work, and your medical expenses.

Lower back pain, lumbar radiculopathy, and spinal stenosis from an L4 L5 s1 injury can significantly affect your daily life.

To negotiate a fair settlement, document all medical treatments and get an accurate diagnosis.

Make sure you have photos of the accident scene and witness statements to further support your claim. The more evidence you gather and preserve, the easier it is to process your claim.

Remember, each case is unique, and settlements reflect the individual’s specific circumstances.

When filling out an accident report, remember that a reviewer will consider your injury, the nature of the accident, the treatment you need, and how the injury has affected your ability to work and live a normal life.

Besides medical expenses and lost wages, consider the long-term effects of your back injury. Will you need ongoing treatment?

Can you return to your previous job? Factors like these can increase your settlement value.

For example, you may need a spinal cord stimulator for chronic back pain. The implanted device delivers electrical pulses to the spinal canal to reduce the level of discomfort and pain.

Whether the work injury leads to a permanent partial disability (PPD) or total disability can affect the outcome as well.

Herniated Disc Workers Comp FAQs

What is an impairment rating for a back injury settlement?

An impairment rating represents a percentage that reveals the level of disability resulting from an injury. This rating is used to figure payouts for workers compensation.

The rating is based on the diagnosis, extent of injury, the presence of nerve impingement (radiculopathy), range of motion, and surgery requirements.

What is the average impairment rating for a herniated disc?

Typically, the range is 20% whole-person impairment.

The rating you receive depends on how the injury affects your daily life and the types of treatment you’ll need.

How much money should I expect from an insurance settlement for a herniated disc workers claim?

The amount of Money to expect from an insurance settlement

What you receive is figured by applying the percent for your impairment rating to the total compensation allowed.

If the impairment rating is higher, you’ll usually receive a higher settlement amount.

Certain factors are also considered, such as permanent work limitations, the need for future medical care, pain and suffering, and lost wages.

These factors also increase the settlement amount over the impairment rating percentage.

What is a compromise and release award?

This award allows a beneficiary to receive a lump sum payment. Once accepted, you can’t seek future benefits – for any reason.

Do steroid injections increase the value of herniated disc cases?

Steroid injections may increase a settlement amount if they help with mobility and pain relief.

What is the healing time for an L5 s1 injury?

Healing time for an L5 s1 herniation can range from six weeks to six months or longer.

Contact the Law Offices of Alex Poberesky, P.A. Today for a Free Consultation

Do you have past medical expenses? Have you been refused an L4 L5 S1 workers comp settlement for your herniated disc injury at these levels? If so, consult with a workers comp lawyer to understand your legal options and secure the compensation you deserve.

Contact the Law Offices of Alex Poberesky today for your FREE CONSULTATION to discuss your herniated disc case with a knowledgeable workers comp settlement attorney.